The kind of back pain that follows heavy lifting or exercising too hard is often caused by muscle strain. Common reasons for muscle strain are
The stress from poor posture can lead to back pain by causing problems with your muscles, discs, and joints. Back pain caused by poor posture may have any of the following characteristics:
A sudden-onset (acute) bout of neck pain is common. In most cases it is not due to a serious disease or neck problem and often the exact cause for the pain is not clear. This is called 'nonspecific neck pain'. Most are probably due to minor sprains or bad posture.
This is the most common type. This is sometimes called 'simple' or 'mechanical' neck pain. Often the exact cause or origin of the pain is not known. It may include minor strains and sprains to muscles or ligaments in the neck. Bad posture may also be a contributing factor in some cases. For example, neck pain is more common in people who spend much of their working day at a desk, with a 'bent-forward' posture.
Wear and tear of the spinal bones (vertebrae) and the discs between the vertebrae is a common cause or recurring or persistent neck pain in older people. This is sometimes called cervical spondylosis.
When the root of a nerve is pressed on or damaged as it comes out from your spinal cord in your neck (cervical) region, the condition is known as cervical radiculopathy. As well as neck pain, there are symptoms such as loss of feeling (numbness), pins and needles, pain and weakness in parts of an arm supplied by the nerve. These other symptoms may actually be the main symptoms rather than neck pain.The common causes of a radiculopathy are cervical spondylosis and a prolapsed disc.
An elaborate medical history on the and clinical examination will be done to identify the probable cause. Following this the patient will be advised on radiological investigations if necessary to rule out disc prolapse etc. Treatment options may range from medications & physical therapy to control pain to surgery for correction of disc prolapse.
This will help to manage pain and improve your strength and flexibility.
They will also give advice on how you can prevent symptoms returning in the future.